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THE USE OF EARLY DIAGNOSIS OF GENETIC PECULIARITIES TO CREATE A HEALTHY LIFESTYLE
         L.V. Litvinova, Rome, Italy

         Ladies and gentlemen, colleagues and guests, it is my pleasure to present my report on the subject of "The Use of Early Diagnosis of Genetic Peculiarities To Create a Healthy Lifestyle”.

         Everybody here will be fully aware of the fact that correct diagnosis of a particular illness is half the battle in treating disease, and indeed in overcoming any hurdle. As a psychotherapist I have often found myself concluding that there exist a number of physiological patterns which disrupt the normal work of the body and which ultimately stem from a genetic rather than a psychological cause.

         Returning to fundamental research, I attempted to find markers which would make it possible to determine a person's predisposition towards any particular internal or external conflict of the human body. I realise that in this I was setting myself a seriously ambitious task, but I will now do my best to present the data which I was able to gather.

          I took dermatoglyphic patterns from the fingers and toes as my genetic material for examination. Dermatoglyphs are now a very well-researched area of knowledge. Descriptions of dermatoglyphic patterns appear in the work of important anatomists dating from the beginning of the 17th century, and the fundamental classification of fingerprints, compiled by the famous Czech researcher Jan Purkynĕ, appeared at the start of the 19th century. This was later used to a significant degree by Galton, and then by the authors of the classification system most widely used today, the Americans H. Cummins and C. Midlo.

          Dermoglyphics focuses on papillary patterns on the so-called ridged skin of the hands and feet. As a rule, the ridge patterns on the fingertips are especially prominent, and the following terminology is used to describe them:

  1. Triradius or Delta The intersection of three groups of parallel papillary ridges.

  2. Ridge Count The number of papillary lines radiating from the centre of the fingerprint pattern to the triradius.

  3. Arch, Loop and Whorl Fingerprint patterns

  4. Delta Index The total number of triradii on all the fingers.   

       In order to unify the data and for ease of gathering the decision was taken to restrict our research to the basic patterns on the tips of the digits. These patterns form during the second trimester of foetal development and remain constant throughout life. They can be clearly distinguished in the inheritance of physiological, psychological and endocrine traits. 

        For the sake of clarity I will stop briefly on the different descriptions of the patterns we researched. 

        The arch is the oldest pattern, speaking from the evolutionary point of view (slide). You can see a standard arch on the slide to the left. They are abbreviated as "A”, from the English word. Arches do not have triradii. You an see from this general view that energy flows along the papillary ridges, with a slight bend. The illustration on the right shows a tented arch. It looks very much like a  high arch. The main difference between this and a standard arch and its subsets is that in the centre of the arch there is a papillary axis resembling a steeple, almost a triradius, which is framed by the lines of the papillary ridges.

         The next pattern is the Loop. Loops have one triradius and are either ulnary or radial. The type of loop depends on the side on which it opens. If it opens on the side facing the outer side of the hand it is ulnary, and if it opens on the thumb side it is radial. The slide shows a standard loop on the left. On the right is a "peacock's eye”. This closely resembles a whorl, but differs in having only the single triradius. This pattern is the most revealing of the course and current of energy flows. Energy enters the loop, travels to the centre and concentrates in the centre of the pattern, but cannot hold itself in and flows out of the centre to the side without a triradius, ie. back in the direction from which the loop originates.

          The most complex and the youngest in evolutionary terms is held to be whorl. Whorls also come in several variations, but cannot have less than two triradii. You can see a target whorl on the slide. It is characterised by concentric rings, each of which is a closed circle. This enables the maximum amount of enegy to be retained in the centre of the pattern. Energy stays here continuously, concentrating like still water at great depth. It characteristically has two triradii framed by the surrounding rings. The right-hand slide depicts a spiral whorl. This looks much like the bullseye, with the exception that has a rotating spiral pattern twisting around the centre of the pattern. This type of whorl can rotate to the right or the left. (In addition, the spiral on the right hand should turn to the left, and that on the left hand should turn to the right. Types of spirals are defined in the same way as ulnary and radial loops: spirals which turn towards the thumb are considered to be turning to the right.)

         Turning back to our research, during the search for a rule the following facts were established for the first time.

         First (slide): Examination of the toes is essential when analysing constitutional markers. Fingerprints are only a partial reflection of genetic predispositions. This theory is supported by the great number of works on dermatoglyphics which contradict each other. All are based on research which does not include toeprints. The result of our research show that only dermatoglyphs from the toes give a complete picture of a person's genetic predisposition.

          Once we had assembled a map of the 20 fingerprint and toeprint patterns, we tried to reduce all our data to one common denominator. To this end we created, for the first time, a scale of the evolutionary value of papillary ridge patterns (slide). The main types of pattern were rated according to their level of evolutionary complexity using data already gathered. On the resulting scale the arch (A) became a first-level pattern, the loop (L) became a second-level pattern, and the whorl (W) formed the third level. The degree of complexity increases with level,with Level 1 having the lowest value and Level 3 the highest. The complexity of the dermatoglyphs we had taken from fingers and toes was assessed separately for the left and right hands and the left and right feet..  The relative values then enabled us to evaluate the degree of symmetry and the level of complexity of one hand in comparison with the other. Dermatoglyphs from the toes of the left and right feet were evaluated in the same way. Once the data had been brought together, four new rules were found.

           Rule 1: on analysis of the patterns on the fingertips, one of the hands may have patterns of a higher level of complexity than those of the other hand. The difference between them may be by one, two, three, four or five fingers. The degree of predominance of patterns of one level over the others only increases the significance of the progression or regression of the papillary ridge patterns of one hand compared with those of the other, and of one foot compared with the other.

            This observation led us to conclude that a Progressive Hand is characterised by the presence of patterns of the same level and of a higher level than their symmetrical opposites on the other hand. The diagram (slide) shows Level 3 patterns on all the fingers of the right hand, whilst all the fingers of the left hand have Level 2 patterns. The right hand would hence be referred to as a Progressive Right Hand.

           A Progressive Foot is characterised by the presence of patterns of the same level and of a higher level than their symmetrical opposites on the other foot. The five toes of the right foot have Level 2 patterns in comparison with those of the left foot, and thus this can be defined a Progressive Right Foot.

          Rule 2: on analysis of the patterns of on the fingertips, on one of the hands there may be patterns of a lower level of complexity when compared with the other hand. A Regressive Hand is characterised by the presence of patterns of the same level on one hand and of a lower level than those found on the symmetrically-opposed fingers of the other hand. A Regressive Foot characteristically has patterns of the same pattern on all the toes and patterns of a lower level than those of the same toes on the opposite foot. The left foot here is an example of a Regressive Left Foot, because the 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th toes have Level 2 patterns and the 5th has a Level 1 pattern (slide).

          Rule 3: on analysis of the patterns on the fingertips, the left and right hands have symmetrical patterns. The diagrame shows Neutral Hands, characterised by having the same pattern on symmetrically-opposed fingers of the left and right hands (slide). Neutral Feet are characterised by the presence of patterns of the same level on symmetrically-opposed toes of the left and right feet.

         Rule 4: on analysis of the patterns of on the fingertips, on one of the hands there may be patterns of the same, a higher or lower level when compared with those of the same finger on the opposite hand. This rule has been defined as Conflict Hand or Conflict Feet. The diagram illustrates a Conflict Right Hand, where there are Level 3 patterns on the 1st and 4th fingers (the same level as on the left hand), Level 2 patterns (lower than on the left hand) on the 2nd and 3rd fingers, and the 5th finger has a Level 3 pattern (higher than on the left hand) (slide).

        This theoretical introduction may have been slightly hard going, but we can now move onto the main event: diagnosis and forecasting quality of life for children and adults on the basis of our discoveries.

        The aforementioned research is compatible with the determination of the dominant hemisphere in its quickest and most accurate form. It is worth noting that our results have been confirmed with a high degree of confidence using other physiological methods. Where does this lead us? We can now shape and adapt our lifestyle according to our genetic predispositions.

        For the sake of clarity I will relate an example: one of my students, when responding to a test on the processing of visual information, displayed a markedly aggressive reaction to questions relating to her mother. I should point out here that the student wrote with her right hand – this is very important! Later, once we had reached questions concerned with left and right-handedness, an analysis of her dermatoglyphs revealed that she had a Progressive Left Hand, Regressive Right Hand and Neutral Feet. That is to say that, genetically speaking, she had inherited lefthandedness. The surprise was that, when questioned further, the student revealed that as a child she had indeed used only her left hand, but her mother took all possible pains to counter this (including physical force). In addition, the student herself realised that she constantly injures her right arm.

         Returning to the original data, it is possible to conclude that the young woman has an enduring and unpredictable conflict with her mother. Now aged 18, in two or three years she may seek help on this irreconcilable issue from a psychotherapist or psychologist. The nature of the problem, with its history of conflict, would take a great deal of time to resolve, be extremely draining and incur significant financial expense. Looking at the problem phsyiologically brings us to the simple conclusion that the mother and daughter have opposing dominant sides and hence to opposing takes on situations, solutions to problems and adaptations. One man's meat is another man's poison, as they say. Now, armed with this knowledge, the student is able to look at her differences with ther mother and her role in the family in a new light.

         In my opinion, the diagnosis of hidden left and right-handedness using this method represents a fertile new field for diagnosticians, as our data shows that there is a great deal of hidden left-handedness. Experience has shown that not every experience is as traumatic as the one I cited in the example, but for many hidden left-handers the very fact of retraining has imprinted itself on the mind as a negative and traumatic childhood experience.

         Within the context of this report, the method I suggest of diagnosing left and right-handedness would make it possible to determine the dominant hemisphere at an early stage and consequently adjust the behaviour, adaptation and socialisation of children accordingly. Adults could be treated the same way, although in this case grappling with conflicts already formed would call for the skills of a psychotherapist or psychologist.

         Data from this research could additionally be used in the recruitment of personnel for duties in extreme situations, given that hidden left-handedness could result in an attempt to carry out a quick and unconscious (ie. reflex) action with the left hand. For people working in extreme environments, as well as for those controlling equipment and instruments designed for the right-handed, hidden left-handedness may represent a threat to their own lives and those of those around them. Jobs in this category could include parachutists, pilots, drivers and others which involve controlling machinery. The detection and early diagnosis of hidden left-handedness would avert tragic events in both professional and everyday life.

          Summing up, I would like to point out that nowadays there are many professions helping people to adapt to their fast-changing lives, the events that occur, and human joy and pain. Man himself, however, does not change with time, and that, probably, is his main constant. If this is indeed so, we can hope that there are stable bodily mechanisms which, if correctly interpreted, will serve us long into the future by raising our level of emotional comfort and resistance to stress. To conclude, I would like to wish each of you the opportunity to find your dominant hemisphere, care for it, pamper it, and let it make your life as comfortable as it can be (slide). And the sooner this is, the longer you will have to enjoy the fullness of your life. Thank you for your attention!

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