L.V. Litvinova, Rome, Italy
and gentlemen, colleagues and guests, it is my pleasure to present my report on
the subject of "The Use of Early
Diagnosis of Genetic Peculiarities To Create a Healthy Lifestyle”.
Everybody here will be fully aware
of the fact that correct diagnosis of a particular illness is half the battle
in treating disease, and indeed in overcoming any hurdle. As a psychotherapist
I have often found myself concluding that there exist a number of physiological
patterns which disrupt the normal work of the body and which ultimately stem
from a genetic rather than a psychological cause.
Returning to fundamental research, I
attempted to find markers which would make it possible to determine a person's
predisposition towards any particular internal or external conflict of the
human body. I realise that in this I was setting myself a seriously ambitious task, but I will now do
my best to present the data which I was able to gather.
I took dermatoglyphic patterns from
the fingers and toes as my genetic material for examination. Dermatoglyphs are
now a very well-researched area of knowledge. Descriptions of dermatoglyphic
patterns appear in the work of important anatomists dating from the beginning
of the 17th century, and the fundamental classification of
fingerprints, compiled by the famous Czech researcher Jan Purkynĕ, appeared at
the start of the 19th century. This was later used to a significant
degree by Galton, and then by the authors of the classification system most
widely used today, the Americans H. Cummins and C. Midlo.
Dermoglyphics focuses on papillary
patterns on the so-called ridged skin of the hands and feet. As a rule, the
ridge patterns on the fingertips are especially prominent, and the following
terminology is used to describe them:
Triradius or Delta The intersection of
three groups of parallel papillary ridges.
Ridge Count The number of papillary
lines radiating from the centre of the fingerprint pattern to the triradius.
Arch, Loop and Whorl Fingerprint patterns
Delta Index The total number of
triradii on all the fingers.
In order to unify the data and for
ease of gathering the decision was taken to restrict our research to the basic
patterns on the tips of the digits. These patterns form during the second
trimester of foetal development and remain constant throughout life. They can
be clearly distinguished in the inheritance of physiological, psychological and
For the sake of clarity I will stop
briefly on the different descriptions of the patterns we researched.
The arch is the oldest pattern, speaking from the evolutionary point of view (slide). You can see a standard arch on the slide to the left. They are abbreviated as "A”, from the English word. Arches do not have triradii. You an see from this general view that energy flows along the papillary ridges, with a slight bend. The illustration
on the right shows a tented arch. It looks very much like a high arch. The main difference between this
and a standard arch and its subsets is that in the centre of the arch there is
a papillary axis resembling a steeple, almost a triradius, which is framed by
the lines of the papillary ridges.
The next pattern is the Loop. Loops
have one triradius and are either ulnary or radial. The type of loop depends on
the side on which it opens. If it opens on the side facing the outer side of
the hand it is ulnary, and if it opens on the thumb side it is radial. The
slide shows a standard loop on the left. On the right is a "peacock's eye”.
This closely resembles a whorl, but differs in having only the single
triradius. This pattern is the most revealing of the course and current of
energy flows. Energy enters the loop, travels to the centre and concentrates in
the centre of the pattern, but cannot hold itself in and flows out of the
centre to the side without a triradius, ie. back in the direction from which
the loop originates.
The most complex and the youngest in
evolutionary terms is held to be whorl. Whorls also come in several variations,
but cannot have less than two triradii. You can see a target whorl on the
slide. It is characterised by concentric rings, each of which is a closed
circle. This enables the maximum amount of enegy to be retained in the centre
of the pattern. Energy stays here continuously, concentrating like still water
at great depth. It characteristically has two triradii framed by the
surrounding rings. The right-hand slide depicts a spiral whorl. This looks much
like the bullseye, with the exception that has a rotating spiral pattern
twisting around the centre of the pattern. This type of whorl can rotate to the
right or the left. (In addition, the spiral on the right hand should turn to
the left, and that on the left hand should turn to the right. Types of spirals
are defined in the same way as ulnary and radial loops: spirals which turn
towards the thumb are considered to be turning to the right.)
Turning back to our research, during
the search for a rule the following facts were established for the first
First (slide): Examination of the
toes is essential when analysing constitutional markers. Fingerprints are only
a partial reflection of genetic predispositions. This theory is supported by
the great number of works on dermatoglyphics which contradict each other. All
are based on research which does not include toeprints. The result of our
research show that only dermatoglyphs from the toes give a complete picture of
a person's genetic predisposition.
Once we had assembled a map of the
20 fingerprint and toeprint patterns, we tried to reduce all our data to one
common denominator. To this end we created, for the first time, a scale
of the evolutionary value of papillary ridge patterns (slide). The main types
of pattern were rated according to their level of evolutionary complexity using
data already gathered. On the resulting scale the arch (A) became a first-level
pattern, the loop (L) became a second-level pattern, and the whorl (W) formed
the third level. The degree of complexity increases with level,with Level 1
having the lowest value and Level 3 the highest. The complexity of the
dermatoglyphs we had taken from fingers and toes was assessed separately for
the left and right hands and the left and right feet.. The relative values then enabled us to
evaluate the degree of symmetry and the level of complexity of one hand in
comparison with the other. Dermatoglyphs from the toes of the left and right
feet were evaluated in the same way. Once the data had been brought together,
four new rules were found.
Rule 1: on analysis of the
patterns on the fingertips, one of the hands may have patterns of a higher
level of complexity than those of the other hand. The difference between them
may be by one, two, three, four or five fingers. The degree of predominance of
patterns of one level over the others only increases the significance of the
progression or regression of the papillary ridge patterns of one hand compared
with those of the other, and of one foot compared with the other.
This observation led us to conclude
that a Progressive Hand is characterised by the presence of patterns of the
same level and of a higher level than their symmetrical opposites on the other
hand. The diagram (slide) shows Level 3 patterns on all the fingers of the
right hand, whilst all the fingers of the left hand have Level 2 patterns. The
right hand would hence be referred to as a Progressive Right Hand.
A Progressive Foot is characterised
by the presence of patterns of the same level and of a higher level than their
symmetrical opposites on the other foot. The five toes of the right foot have
Level 2 patterns in comparison with those of the left foot, and thus this can
be defined a Progressive Right Foot.
Rule 2: on analysis of the patterns of on the fingertips, on one of the hands
there may be patterns of a lower level of complexity when compared with the
other hand. A Regressive Hand is characterised by the presence of patterns of
the same level on one hand and of a lower level than those found on the
symmetrically-opposed fingers of the other hand. A Regressive Foot
characteristically has patterns of the same pattern on all the toes and
patterns of a lower level than those of the same toes on the opposite foot. The
left foot here is an example of a Regressive Left Foot, because the 1st,
2nd, 3rd and 4th toes have Level 2 patterns
and the 5th has a Level 1 pattern (slide).
Rule 3: on analysis of the patterns on the fingertips, the left and right hands
have symmetrical patterns. The diagrame shows Neutral Hands, characterised by
having the same pattern on symmetrically-opposed fingers of the left and right
hands (slide). Neutral Feet are characterised by the presence of patterns of
the same level on symmetrically-opposed toes of the left and right feet.
Rule 4: on analysis of the patterns of on the fingertips, on one of the hands
there may be patterns of the same, a higher or lower level when compared with
those of the same finger on the opposite hand. This rule has been defined as
Conflict Hand or Conflict Feet. The diagram illustrates a Conflict Right Hand,
where there are Level 3 patterns on the 1st and 4th
fingers (the same level as on the left hand), Level 2 patterns (lower than on
the left hand) on the 2nd and 3rd fingers, and the 5th
finger has a Level 3 pattern (higher than on the left hand) (slide).
This theoretical introduction may
have been slightly hard going, but we can now move onto the main event:
diagnosis and forecasting quality of life for children and adults on the basis of
The aforementioned research is
compatible with the determination of the dominant hemisphere in its quickest
and most accurate form. It is worth noting that our results have been confirmed
with a high degree of confidence using other physiological methods. Where does
this lead us? We can now shape
and adapt our lifestyle according to our genetic predispositions.
For the sake of clarity I will
relate an example: one of my students, when responding to a test on the
processing of visual information, displayed a markedly aggressive reaction to
questions relating to her mother. I should point out here that the student
wrote with her right hand – this is very important! Later, once we had reached
questions concerned with left and right-handedness, an analysis of her
dermatoglyphs revealed that she had a Progressive Left Hand, Regressive Right
Hand and Neutral Feet. That is to say that, genetically speaking, she had
inherited lefthandedness. The surprise was that, when questioned further, the student
revealed that as a child she had indeed used only her left hand, but her mother
took all possible pains to counter this (including physical force). In
addition, the student herself realised that she constantly injures her right
Returning to the original data, it
is possible to conclude that the young woman has an enduring and unpredictable
conflict with her mother. Now aged 18, in two or three years she may seek help
on this irreconcilable issue from a psychotherapist or psychologist. The nature
of the problem, with its history of conflict, would take a great deal of time
to resolve, be extremely draining and incur significant financial expense.
Looking at the problem phsyiologically brings us to the simple conclusion that
the mother and daughter have opposing dominant sides and hence to opposing
takes on situations, solutions to problems and adaptations. One man's meat is
another man's poison, as they say. Now, armed with this knowledge, the student
is able to look at her differences with ther mother and her role in the family
in a new light.
In my opinion, the diagnosis of
hidden left and right-handedness using this method represents a fertile new
field for diagnosticians, as our data shows that there is a great deal of
hidden left-handedness. Experience has shown that not every experience is as
traumatic as the one I cited in the example, but for many hidden left-handers
the very fact of retraining has imprinted itself on the mind as a negative and
traumatic childhood experience.
Within the context of this report,
the method I suggest of diagnosing left and right-handedness would make it
possible to determine the dominant hemisphere at an early stage and
consequently adjust the behaviour, adaptation and socialisation of children
accordingly. Adults could be treated the same way, although in this case
grappling with conflicts already formed would call for the skills of a
psychotherapist or psychologist.
Data from this research could
additionally be used in the recruitment of personnel for duties in extreme
situations, given that hidden left-handedness could result in an attempt to
carry out a quick and unconscious (ie. reflex) action with the left hand. For
people working in extreme environments, as well as for those controlling
equipment and instruments designed for the right-handed, hidden left-handedness
may represent a threat to their own lives and those of those around them. Jobs
in this category could include parachutists, pilots, drivers and others which
involve controlling machinery. The detection and early diagnosis of hidden
left-handedness would avert tragic events in both professional and everyday
Summing up, I would like to point
out that nowadays there are many professions helping people to adapt to their
fast-changing lives, the events that occur, and human joy and pain. Man
himself, however, does not change with time, and that, probably, is his main
constant. If this is indeed so, we can hope that there are stable bodily
mechanisms which, if correctly interpreted, will serve us long into the future
by raising our level of emotional comfort and resistance to stress. To
conclude, I would like to wish each of you the opportunity to find your
dominant hemisphere, care for it, pamper it, and let it make your life as
comfortable as it can be (slide). And the sooner this is, the longer you will
have to enjoy the fullness of your life. Thank you for your attention!