Sivtsova and L.V. Litvinova
physical and emotional stress, high levels of resistance and the danger of
experiencing traumatic events are characteristic of the work of the personnel
of the Interior Ministry's Directorate of Extradepartmental Security. The
rising number of incidents and the increased threat of acts of terrorism are
currently placing additional responsibilities and duties on the officers
employed on guard duties at sites of civil significance, one of which is the
Sengileevskoe Reservoir, which provides the city of Stavropol with the majority
of its potable water. The reservoir is guarded by officers from the Stavropol
Krai department of the Directorate of Extradepartmental Security, which answers
to the federal Interior Ministry. Our research aimed to investigate the
psychological condition of these personnel in detail in the light of today's
higher risk of death and injury and damage to government property.
The Deviant Behaviour DAP
test methodology, the Holmes and Rahe stress resistance and social adaptation
scale and R. Shubert's risk propensity questionnaire as included in the Egoscop® Objective Psychological Analysis and Testing Software System were chosen as the basis of the
research. The additional data provided by the Egoscope is
provided via the simultaneous recording and analysis of psychomotor
physiological reactions and the rate of change in the parameters of the
autonomic nervous system (ANS) and the central nervous system (CNS) during a
psychological and psychophysiological examination.
to the results of DAP testing, 84% of the subject group have strong military
and professional tendencies and a high level of willingness to obey orders from
their commanders and superiors (Figure 1). Normal levels of addictive behaviour
Figure 1. Military and professional tendencies,
addictive and delinquent behaviour and risk of suicide
of aggressive behaviour were observed in 93% of the subject group. Worthy of
special mention is that a definite majority (Р<0,01)
were measured with criteria used to evaluate data related to agitation of the
ANS and CNS. Signs of vulnerability to suicide were evaluated using psychomotor
Figure 2. Resistance to stress according to the Holmes
and Rahe scale
results of the Holmes and Rahe questionnaire indicated that 40% of the
personnel surveyed had a high degree of resistance to stress, 13% had
borderline levels and 47% had low levels (ie. vulnerability). With a low level
of resistance to stress the likelihood of the development of psychosomatic
illness or chances of an accident increase to 90%, according to our
interpretation of the questionnaire.
analysis of data in other areas of life is worthy of particular attention.
Reliable and significant levels of low resistance to stress (Р<0,001)
were recorded in the following areas of the questionnaire: health, work and
partner. This is explicable by the high levels of disregard for personal health
and by the officers' professional awareness, which raises responsibility for
the lives of close relatives.
from Schubert's Risk Propensity Questionnaire showed that all the unit's
personnel had a small propensity for risk. The test characterises officers'
behaviour in extreme situations. The results reflect their high level of
experience, given that the more experienced showed a lower propensity for risk
than the less experienced.
data above indicates that the increasingly criminogenic environment has had a
significant effect on the personnel of the Russian Interior Ministry's
Directorate of Extradepartmental Security employed on guard duties at sites of
civil significance in Stavropol Krai. Raised aggression and levels of
responsibility at work have resulted in less resistance to stress in the home.
Our results point to a requirement for additional measures to reduce
psychological stress levels after periods of watchkeeping and more methods of
self-control at home when incidents are unfolding or there is a risk of
Published by: Сивцова Ж.Н., Литвинова Л.В. УРОВЕНЬ СТРЕССОУСТОЙЧИВОСТИ
СОТРУДНИКОВ ВНЕВЕДОМСТВЕННОЙ ОХРАНЫ МВД РОССИИ, ОХРАНЯЮЩИХ ОБЪЕКТЫ
ЖИЗНЕОБЕСПЕЧЕНИЯ // Материалы V Международной студенческой электронной научной
конференции «Студенческий научный форум»
(дата обращения: 25.02.2014)
Published file: Litvinova_Sivtsova_Russian