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THE LEVEL OF RESISTANCE TO STRESS AT OFFICERS OF NON-DEPARTMENTAL SECURITY WHICH PROTECT THE OBJECT OF CIVIL SIGNIFICANCE
         Zh.N. Sivtsova and L.V. Litvinova

         Constant physical and emotional stress, high levels of resistance and the danger of experiencing traumatic events are characteristic of the work of the personnel of the Interior Ministry's Directorate of Extradepartmental Security. The rising number of incidents and the increased threat of acts of terrorism are currently placing additional responsibilities and duties on the officers employed on guard duties at sites of civil significance, one of which is the Sengileevskoe Reservoir, which provides the city of Stavropol with the majority of its potable water. The reservoir is guarded by officers from the Stavropol Krai department of the Directorate of Extradepartmental Security, which answers to the federal Interior Ministry. Our research aimed to investigate the psychological condition of these personnel in detail in the light of today's higher risk of death and injury and damage to government property. 

          The Deviant Behaviour DAP test methodology, the Holmes and Rahe stress resistance and social adaptation scale and R. Shubert's risk propensity questionnaire as included in the Egoscop® Objective Psychological Analysis and Testing Software System were chosen as the basis of the research. The additional data provided by the Egoscope is provided via the simultaneous recording and analysis of psychomotor physiological reactions and the rate of change in the parameters of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) and the central nervous system (CNS) during a psychological and psychophysiological examination.

          According to the results of DAP testing, 84% of the subject group have strong military and professional tendencies and a high level of willingness to obey orders from their commanders and superiors (Figure 1). Normal levels of addictive behaviour were recorded.

 Figure 1. Military and professional tendencies, addictive and delinquent behaviour and risk of suicide

          Signs of aggressive behaviour were observed in 93% of the subject group. Worthy of special mention is that a definite majority (Р<0,01) were measured with criteria used to evaluate data related to agitation of the ANS and CNS. Signs of vulnerability to suicide were evaluated using psychomotor parameters (Р<0,05).

Figure 2. Resistance to stress according to the Holmes and Rahe scale

           The results of the Holmes and Rahe questionnaire indicated that 40% of the personnel surveyed had a high degree of resistance to stress, 13% had borderline levels and 47% had low levels (ie. vulnerability). With a low level of resistance to stress the likelihood of the development of psychosomatic illness or chances of an accident increase to 90%, according to our interpretation of the questionnaire.

           Our analysis of data in other areas of life is worthy of particular attention. Reliable and significant levels of low resistance to stress (Р<0,001) were recorded in the following areas of the questionnaire: health, work and partner. This is explicable by the high levels of disregard for personal health and by the officers' professional awareness, which raises responsibility for the lives of close relatives.

           Results from Schubert's Risk Propensity Questionnaire showed that all the unit's personnel had a small propensity for risk. The test characterises officers' behaviour in extreme situations. The results reflect their high level of experience, given that the more experienced showed a lower propensity for risk than the less experienced.

           The data above indicates that the increasingly criminogenic environment has had a significant effect on the personnel of the Russian Interior Ministry's Directorate of Extradepartmental Security employed on guard duties at sites of civil significance in Stavropol Krai. Raised aggression and levels of responsibility at work have resulted in less resistance to stress in the home. Our results point to a requirement for additional measures to reduce psychological stress levels after periods of watchkeeping and more methods of self-control at home when incidents are unfolding or there is a risk of terrorist attack.

           Published by: Сивцова Ж.Н., Литвинова Л.В. УРОВЕНЬ СТРЕССОУСТОЙЧИВОСТИ СОТРУДНИКОВ ВНЕВЕДОМСТВЕННОЙ ОХРАНЫ МВД РОССИИ, ОХРАНЯЮЩИХ ОБЪЕКТЫ ЖИЗНЕОБЕСПЕЧЕНИЯ // Материалы V Международной студенческой электронной научной конференции «Студенческий научный форум»

URL: <a href="http://www.scienceforum.ru/2014/12/6393">www.scienceforum.ru/2014/12/6393</a> (дата обращения: 25.02.2014)

           Published file: Litvinova_Sivtsova_Russian

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